The main criterium used by FIFA to choose the host cities of the World Cup 2014 was to spread them across the entire country, so that foreign tourists would have the chance to meet as many Brazilian regions as possible.
Manaus was elected host city because it is the largest city in the Brazilian Amazon. Manaus is entirely surrounded by the jungle, and the culture of Brazilian Indians is still alive and present in everyday life of all people living there.
Manaus is the capital of the state of Amazonas, situated at the confluence of the Negro and Solimoes rivers – two of the largest tributaries of Amazonas River, thebiggest in the World (the longest river is Nile, in Egypt, but the Amazonas has a much bigger water volume- one quarter of all the water volume dumped into the Atlantic Ocean comes from Amazonas).
It is the most populous city of Amazonas, according to the statistics of Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and is a popular ecotourist destination. It is located in northern Brazil, 1,932 kilometers (1,200 miles) from the federal capital, Brasília.
Manaus and the neighbourhoods host some of the best eco-hotels in Brazil and the World; check out more information about hotels in Manaus.
The city was founded in 1669 as the Fort of São José do Rio Negro. The name Manaus means “Mother of the Gods”, a tribute to the indigenous nation of Manaós; in 1848 the name was changed to Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro, Portuguese for “The City of the Margins of Black River”. Only on September 4 of 1856 did it revert to its current name.
It was known at the beginning of the 20th century, as Heart of the Amazon and City of the Forest. During the first decades of that century, Manaus was the largest producer of rubber in the World, which was exported and used by the tyre factories. Many of the main buildings of Manaus, such as the Teatro Amazonas, date back to those years.
Currently its main economic activity is the Industrial Pool of Manaus. That is a Tax Free zone, used by manufacturers (such as automobiles and electronics) to assembly products and resell to the other States of Brazil.
It is the second largest metropolitan area in the Northern Brazil and the twelfth in all of Brazil, with 2,006,870 inhabitants (IBGE/2008). The population at 2008 was of 1.71 million people and it is the eighth most populous city of Brazil according to data from Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, the IBGE.